Class: Enumerator

Inherits:
Object show all
Includes:
Enumerable
Defined in:
mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb,
mrbgems/mruby-enum-lazy/mrblib/lazy.rb

Overview

A class which allows both internal and external iteration.

An Enumerator can be created by the following methods. - Kernel#to_enum - Kernel#enum_for - Enumerator.new

Most methods have two forms: a block form where the contents are evaluated for each item in the enumeration, and a non-block form which returns a new Enumerator wrapping the iteration.

  enumerator = %w(one two three).each
  puts enumerator.class # => Enumerator

  enumerator.each_with_object("foo") do |item, obj|
    puts "#{obj}: #{item}"
  end

  # foo: one
  # foo: two
  # foo: three

  enum_with_obj = enumerator.each_with_object("foo")
  puts enum_with_obj.class # => Enumerator

  enum_with_obj.each do |item, obj|
    puts "#{obj}: #{item}"
  end

  # foo: one
  # foo: two
  # foo: three

This allows you to chain Enumerators together. For example, you can map a list’s elements to strings containing the index and the element as a string via:

  puts %w[foo bar baz].map.with_index { |w, i| "#{i}:#{w}" }
  # => ["0:foo", "1:bar", "2:baz"]

An Enumerator can also be used as an external iterator. For example, Enumerator#next returns the next value of the iterator or raises StopIteration if the Enumerator is at the end.

  e = [1,2,3].each   # returns an enumerator object.
  puts e.next   # => 1
  puts e.next   # => 2
  puts e.next   # => 3
  puts e.next   # raises StopIteration

You can use this to implement an internal iterator as follows:

  def ext_each(e)
    while true
      begin
        vs = e.next_values
      rescue StopIteration
        return $!.result
      end
      y = yield(*vs)
      e.feed y
    end
  end

  o = Object.new

  def o.each
    puts yield
    puts yield(1)
    puts yield(1, 2)
    3
  end

  # use o.each as an internal iterator directly.
  puts o.each {|*x| puts x; [:b, *x] }
  # => [], [:b], [1], [:b, 1], [1, 2], [:b, 1, 2], 3

  # convert o.each to an external iterator for
  # implementing an internal iterator.
  puts ext_each(o.to_enum) {|*x| puts x; [:b, *x] }
  # => [], [:b], [1], [:b, 1], [1, 2], [:b, 1, 2], 3

Direct Known Subclasses

Lazy

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Generator, Lazy, Yielder

Constant Summary

Constants included from Enumerable

Enumerable::NONE

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Enumerable

#all?, #any?, #collect, #count, #cycle, #detect, #drop, #drop_while, #each_cons, #each_slice, #each_with_object, #entries, #find_all, #find_index, #first, #flat_map, #grep, #group_by, #hash, #include?, #inject, #lazy, #max, #max_by, #min, #min_by, #minmax, #minmax_by, #none?, #one?, #partition, #reject, #reverse_each, #sort, #sort_by, #take, #take_while, #to_h, to_h, #uniq, #zip

Constructor Details

#initialize(size = nil, &block) ⇒ Enumerator #initialize(obj, method = :each, *args) ⇒ Enumerator

Creates a new Enumerator object, which can be used as an Enumerable.

In the first form, iteration is defined by the given block, in which a “yielder” object, given as block parameter, can be used to yield a value by calling the +yield+ method (aliased as +«+):

fib = Enumerator.new do |y|
  a = b = 1
  loop do
    y << a
    a, b = b, a + b
  end
end

p fib.take(10) # => [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55]

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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 112

def initialize(obj=nil, meth=:each, *args, &block)
  if block
    obj = Generator.new(&block)
  else
    raise ArgumentError unless obj
  end
  if @obj and !self.respond_to?(meth)
    raise NoMethodError, "undefined method #{meth}"
  end

  @obj = obj
  @meth = meth
  @args = args.dup
  @fib = nil
  @dst = nil
  @lookahead = nil
  @feedvalue = nil
  @stop_exc = false
end

Instance Attribute Details

#args=(value) ⇒ Object

Sets the attribute args


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 131

def args=(value)
  @args = value
end

#fib=(value) ⇒ Object

Sets the attribute fib


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 131

def fib=(value)
  @fib = value
end

#meth=(value) ⇒ Object

Sets the attribute meth


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 131

def meth=(value)
  @meth = value
end

#obj=(value) ⇒ Object

Sets the attribute obj


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 131

def obj=(value)
  @obj = value
end

Instance Method Details

#each(*argv, &block) ⇒ Object

call-seq: enum.each { |elm| block } -> obj enum.each -> enum enum.each(appending_args) { |elm| block } -> obj enum.each(appending_args) -> an_enumerator

Iterates over the block according to how this Enumerator was constructed. If no block and no arguments are given, returns self.

=== Examples

“Hello, world!”.scan(/\w+/) #=> [“Hello”, “world”] “Hello, world!”.to_enum(:scan, /\w+/).to_a #=> [“Hello”, “world”] “Hello, world!”.to_enum(:scan).each(/\w+/).to_a #=> [“Hello”, “world”]

obj = Object.new

def obj.each_arg(a, b=:b, *rest) yield a yield b yield rest :method_returned end

enum = obj.to_enum :each_arg, :a, :x

enum.each.to_a #=> [:a, :x, []] enum.each.equal?(enum) #=> true enum.each { |elm| elm } #=> :method_returned

enum.each(:y, :z).to_a #=> [:a, :x, [:y, :z]] enum.each(:y, :z).equal?(enum) #=> false enum.each(:y, :z) { |elm| elm } #=> :method_returned


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 271

def each(*argv, &block)
  obj = self
  if 0 < argv.length
    obj = self.dup
    args = obj.args
    if !args.empty?
      args = args.dup
      args.concat argv
    else
      args = argv.dup
    end
    obj.args = args
  end
  return obj unless block
  enumerator_block_call(&block)
end

#each_with_index(&block) ⇒ Object

call-seq: e.each_with_index {|(*args), idx| … } e.each_with_index

Same as Enumerator#with_index(0), i.e. there is no starting offset.

If no block is given, a new Enumerator is returned that includes the index.


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 184

def each_with_index(&block)
  with_index(0, &block)
end

#feed(value) ⇒ Object

call-seq: e.feed obj -> nil

Sets the value to be returned by the next yield inside +e+.

If the value is not set, the yield returns nil.

This value is cleared after being yielded.

# Array#map passes the array’s elements to “yield” and collects the # results of “yield” as an array. # Following example shows that “next” returns the passed elements and # values passed to “feed” are collected as an array which can be # obtained by StopIteration#result. e = [1,2,3].map p e.next #=> 1 e.feed “a” p e.next #=> 2 e.feed “b” p e.next #=> 3 e.feed “c” begin e.next rescue StopIteration p $!.result #=> [“a”, “b”, “c”] end

o = Object.new def o.each x = yield # (2) blocks p x # (5) => “foo” x = yield # (6) blocks p x # (8) => nil x = yield # (9) blocks p x # not reached w/o another e.next end

e = o.to_enum e.next # (1) e.feed “foo” # (3) e.next # (4) e.next # (7) # (10)

Raises:


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 521

def feed(value)
  raise TypeError, "feed value already set" if @feedvalue
  @feedvalue = value
  nil
end

#initialize_copy(obj) ⇒ Object

Raises:


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 134

def initialize_copy(obj)
  raise TypeError, "can't copy type #{obj.class}" unless obj.kind_of? Enumerator
  raise TypeError, "can't copy execution context" if obj.fib
  @obj = obj.obj
  @meth = obj.meth
  @args = obj.args
  @fib = nil
  @lookahead = nil
  @feedvalue = nil
  self
end

#inspectObject


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 225

def inspect
  return "#<#{self.class}: uninitialized>" unless @obj

  if @args && @args.size > 0
    args = @args.join(", ")
    "#<#{self.class}: #{@obj}:#{@meth}(#{args})>"
  else
    "#<#{self.class}: #{@obj}:#{@meth}>"
  end
end

#nextObject

call-seq: e.next -> object

Returns the next object in the enumerator, and move the internal position forward. When the position reached at the end, StopIteration is raised.

=== Example

a = [1,2,3] e = a.to_enum p e.next #=> 1 p e.next #=> 2 p e.next #=> 3 p e.next #raises StopIteration

Note that enumeration sequence by +next+ does not affect other non-external enumeration methods, unless the underlying iteration methods itself has side-effect


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 313

def next
  next_values.__svalue
end

#next_valuesObject

call-seq: e.next_values -> array

Returns the next object as an array in the enumerator, and move the internal position forward. When the position reached at the end, StopIteration is raised.

This method can be used to distinguish yield and yield nil.

=== Example

o = Object.new def o.each yield yield 1 yield 1, 2 yield nil yield [1, 2] end e = o.to_enum p e.next_values p e.next_values p e.next_values p e.next_values p e.next_values e = o.to_enum p e.next p e.next p e.next p e.next p e.next

## yield args next_values next # yield [] nil # yield 1 [1] 1 # yield 1, 2 [1, 2] [1, 2] # yield nil [nil] nil # yield [1, 2] [[1, 2]] [1, 2]

Note that +next_values+ does not affect other non-external enumeration methods unless underlying iteration method itself has side-effect

Raises:

  • (@stop_exc)

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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 361

def next_values
  if @lookahead
    vs = @lookahead
    @lookahead = nil
    return vs
  end
  raise @stop_exc if @stop_exc

  curr = Fiber.current

  if !@fib || !@fib.alive?
    @dst = curr
    @fib = Fiber.new do
      result = each do |*args|
        feedvalue = nil
        Fiber.yield args
        if @feedvalue
          feedvalue = @feedvalue
          @feedvalue = nil
        end
        feedvalue
      end
      @stop_exc = StopIteration.new "iteration reached an end"
      @stop_exc.result = result
      Fiber.yield nil
    end
    @lookahead = nil
  end

  vs = @fib.resume curr
  if @stop_exc
    @fib = nil
    @dst = nil
    @lookahead = nil
    @feedvalue = nil
    raise @stop_exc
  end
  vs
end

#peekObject

call-seq: e.peek -> object

Returns the next object in the enumerator, but doesn’t move the internal position forward. If the position is already at the end, StopIteration is raised.

=== Example

a = [1,2,3] e = a.to_enum p e.next #=> 1 p e.peek #=> 2 p e.peek #=> 2 p e.peek #=> 2 p e.next #=> 2 p e.next #=> 3 p e.next #raises StopIteration


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 421

def peek
  peek_values.__svalue
end

#peek_valuesObject

call-seq: e.peek_values -> array

Returns the next object as an array, similar to Enumerator#next_values, but doesn’t move the internal position forward. If the position is already at the end, StopIteration is raised.

=== Example

o = Object.new def o.each yield yield 1 yield 1, 2 end e = o.to_enum p e.peek_values #=> [] e.next p e.peek_values #=> [1] p e.peek_values #=> [1] e.next p e.peek_values #=> [1, 2] e.next p e.peek_values # raises StopIteration


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 451

def peek_values
  if @lookahead.nil?
    @lookahead = next_values
  end
  @lookahead.dup
end

#rewindObject

call-seq: e.rewind -> e

Rewinds the enumeration sequence to the beginning.

If the enclosed object responds to a “rewind” method, it is called.


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 466

def rewind
  @obj.rewind if @obj.respond_to? :rewind
  @fib = nil
  @dst = nil
  @lookahead = nil
  @feedvalue = nil
  @stop_exc = false
  self
end

#with_index(offset = 0, &block) ⇒ Object

call-seq: e.with_index(offset = 0) {|(*args), idx| … } e.with_index(offset = 0)

Iterates the given block for each element with an index, which starts from +offset+. If no block is given, returns a new Enumerator that includes the index, starting from +offset+

+offset+:: the starting index to use


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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 157

def with_index(offset=0, &block)
  return to_enum :with_index, offset unless block

  offset = if offset.nil?
    0
  elsif offset.respond_to?(:to_int)
    offset.to_int
  else
    raise TypeError, "no implicit conversion of #{offset.class} into Integer"
  end

  n = offset - 1
  enumerator_block_call do |*i|
    n += 1
    block.call i.__svalue, n
  end
end

#with_object(object, &block) ⇒ Object

call-seq: e.each_with_object(obj) {|(args), obj| … } e.each_with_object(obj) e.with_object(obj) {|(args), obj| … } e.with_object(obj)

Iterates the given block for each element with an arbitrary object, +obj+, and returns +obj+

If no block is given, returns a new Enumerator.

Examples:

to_three = Enumerator.new do |y|
  3.times do |x|
    y << x
  end
end

to_three_with_string = to_three.with_object("foo")
to_three_with_string.each do |x,string|
  puts "#{string}: #{x}"
end

# => foo:0
# => foo:1
# => foo:2

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# File 'mrbgems/mruby-enumerator/mrblib/enumerator.rb', line 216

def with_object(object, &block)
  return to_enum(:with_object, object) unless block

  enumerator_block_call do |i|
    block.call [i,object]
  end
  object
end